Hypertension Diet


High Blood Pressure (BP) is medically known as hypertension. Hypertension when untreated can lead to a number of health issues including heart problems, stroke, kidney problems, etc. The optimal range of BP is less than 120/80. If it is 140/90 or greater, it is known as hypertension. Anything above 120/80 and below 140/90 is known as ‘pre-hypertension’. Diet for BP control and lifestyle modification techniques are both a vital part of BP treatment along with medical management. In order to control this, it is essential to make nutritional modifications as well as lifestyle modifications.
Diabetes Diet

Some facts and figures about hypertension in India:

  • About 33% urban and 25% rural Indians are hypertensive.

  • High blood pressure is directly responsible for 57% of all stroke related deaths and 24% of all coronary heart disease (CHD) related deaths in India

  • You may need diet for BP control in case you have any of the following:

    • High blood pressure (BP)

    • Complications of BP including hemorrhagic stroke, cardiac disorders, kidney disorders, etc

  • High BP is a silent killer and when left untreated, it may result into damage to sensitive organs of the body like brain, heart, kidneys, eyes, etc

  • This can result into lifelong complications

  • In order to reduce the burden of chronic illnesses, it is essential to adhere to diet for BP control

  • Once your blood pressure is under control through medications, appropriate diet and exercise regime, you can avoid or delay the complications that may arise from it at an early age

  • To have a healthy heart even during old age, it is vital to maintain BP under control

  • Your Nutritionist may guide you on dietary modifications as well as lifestyle management tips to lower BP

  • A general diet does not involve careful selection as well as quantification of salt while a diet for BP control mainly aims at this

  • Several researches have highlighted significant improvement with the use of a DASH diet – Dietary Approached to Stop Hypertension in controlling high BP

  • Reduction of salt intake, use of low sodium salt, fresh fruits and vegetables, cessation of smoking, limiting alcohol intake goes a long way in controlling high BP

  • To know more about tips to reduce salt intake, click here